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What is Low FODMAP?


Fermentable

Our body is unable to break down short chain carbohydrates. When these FODMAPs come into contact with bacteria in the gut, they are rapidly digested and fermented. The gut bacteria then release gas into the intestines, which is a contributing factor to IBS.

Oligosaccharides

This group consists of Fructans and Galacto-Oligosaccharides. Some examples of Fructans are onions, garlic and wheat. Galacto-Oligosaccharides (GOS) are beans and legumes. Beans, beans the magical fruit...

Disaccharides

The most common disaccharide is lactose, which is found in almost all dairy products.

Monosaccharides

Fructose is the most common monosaccharide in our diet. Our body usually digests fructose through the piggy back method, where fructose must be absorbed with an equal amount of glucose. However, many foods have more fructose than glucose, which leaves excess fructose to be fast food for our gut bacteria. Common examples of fructose are apples, honey and high-fructose corn syrup.

And Polyols

Polyols are also known as sugar alcohols. These are commonly used as preservatives or artificial sweeteners. Common polyols include mannitol, xylitol, and sorbitol. Think twice before using ``diet`` foods or sugar substitutes.


I'll let Monash University explain